Basics of Space Flight

Index

  SECTION I   ENVIRONMENT

1.1 The Solar System
In Cosmic Perspective, Motions Within the Solar System, Distances Within the Solar System, The Sun, Our Bubble of Interplanetary Space.

1.2 The Solar System
The Terrestrial Planets, Earth's Radiation Environment, Terrestrial Planetary Data, The Jovian Planets, Satellites of the Jovian Planets, Rings, Inferior and Superior Planets, Phases of Illumination, Conjunction, Transit, Occultation, Opposition.

1.3 The Solar System
The Minor Planets, Near Earth Objects (NEOs), Other Asteroids, Comets, Meteoroids, Meteors, Meteorites.

2.1 Reference Systems
Terrestrial Coordinates, Earth's Rotation, Precession of Earth's Axis, Nutation, Revolution of Earth, Epochs, Making Sense.

2.2 Reference Systems
The Celestial Sphere, Declination and Right Ascension, HA-DEC versus AZ-EL.

2.3 Reference Systems
Time Conventions, SOE Illustration.

3.1 Gravity & Mechanics
Gravitation, Ellipses.

3.2 Gravity & Mechanics
Newton's Principles of Mechanics, Acceleration, The Rocket, Non-Newtonian Physics.

3.3 Gravity & Mechanics
Acceleration in Orbit, Kepler's Laws, Gravity Gradients & Tidal Forces.

3.4 Gravity & Mechanics
How Orbits Work, The Key to Space Flight, Orbiting a Real Planet, A Periapsis by Any Other Name, Freefall.

4 Trajectories
Hohmann Transfer Orbits, Type I and II Trajectories, Gravity Assist Trajectories, Enter the Ion Engine.

5 Planetary Orbits
Orbital Parameters and Elements, Geosynchronous Orbits, Geostationary Orbits, A Little GTO, Polar Orbits, Walking Orbits, Sun Synchronous Orbits, Lagrange points.

6.1 Electromagnetics
Electromagnetic Radiation, The Inverse Square Law.

6.2 Electromagnetics
Electromagnetic Spectrum, Waves or Particles, Natural and Artificial Emitters.

6.3 Electromagnetics
Radio Frequencies, The Whole Spectrum, Atmospheric Transparency, Radio Frequency Interference, Spectroscopy.

6.4 Electromagnetics
The Doppler Effect, Differenced Doppler.

6.5 Electromagnetics
Reflection, Planetary Radar, Reflection of X-rays.

6.6 Electromagnetics
Refraction, Phase.



SECTION II FLIGHT PROJECTS

7.1 Mission Inception
Conceptual Study, Phase A: Preliminary Analysis, Phase B: Definition.

7.2 Mission Inception
Phase C/D: Design and Development, Operations Phase, Design Considerations, Budget, Design Changes, Resource Contention, Tracking Capabilities, Data Return.

8 Experiments
The Scientific Community, Gathering Scientific Data, Science and Engineering Data, The Science Data Pipeline, Data Gaps, Radio Science Occultations, Solar Conjunction, Gravitational Waves, Celestial Mechanics, Gravity Field Surveys, Dissemination of Results.

9 S/C Classification
Flyby Spacecraft, Orbiter Spacecraft, Atmospheric Spacecraft, Lander Spacecraft, Penetrator Spacecraft, Rover Spacecraft, Observatory Spacecraft, Communications Spacecraft, For Further Browsing.

10 Telecommunications
Transmitters and Receivers, Signal Power, Uplink and Downlink, Phase Lock, One-way, Two-way, Three-way, Coherence, Data Glitch Going Two-way, TWNC On, Modulation and Demodulation, Carrier and Subcarrier, Beacons, Symbols and Bits and Coding, Multiplexing, Telemetry Lock, Channelization.

11.1 Onboard Systems
Systems, Subsystems, and Assemblies, A Convenient Illustration, Structure Subsystem, Data Handling Subsystems, Sequence Storage, Spacecraft Clock, Telemetry Packaging and Coding, Data Storage, Fault Protection and Safing.

11.2 Onboard Systems
Attitude and Articulation Control Subsystems, Stabilization, Celestial Reference, Inertial Reference, Telecommunications Subsystems, High-Gain Antennas, Low-Gain Antennas, Medium-gain Antennas, Spacecraft Transmitters, Spacecraft Receivers.

11.3 Onboard Systems
Electrical Power Supply and Distribution Subsystems, Photovoltaics, Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators, Electrical Power Distribution, Electrical Power Storage.

11.4 Onboard Systems
Temperature Control Subsystems, Micro-meteoroid Protection, Propulsion Subsystems, Mechanical Devices Subsystems, Block Diagram Illustration, Redundancy and Flexibility, Advanced Technologies.

12 Science Instruments
Science Payload, Direct- and Remote-sensing Instruments, Active and Passive Instruments, High-energy Particle Detectors, Low-Energy Charged-Particle Detectors, Plasma Instruments, Dust Detectors, Magnetometers, Plasma Wave Detectors, Planetary Radio Astronomy Instruments, Imaging Instruments, The Magnetosphere Imager, Polarimeters, Photometers, Spectrometers, Infrared Radiometers, Other Instruments, Combinations, Cooling, Scan Platforms, Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging, Altimeters, Some Links to Spacecraft Science Instrument Pages.

13 Navigation Navigation Data Acquisition, Spacecraft Velocity Measurement, Spacecraft Distance Measurement, Spacecraft Angular Measurement, Optical Navigation, Orbit Determination, Trajectory Correction Maneuvers, Orbit Trim Maneuvers.



SECTION III FLIGHT OPERATIONS

14 Launch
Launch Vehicles, Launch Sites, Launch Windows, Preparations For Launch.

15 Cruise
Spacecraft Checkout and Characterization, Real-time Commanding, Typical Daily Operations, Monitoring Spacecraft and Ground Events,Tracking the Spacecraft in Flight, Preparation for Encounter.

16.1 Encounter
Flyby Operations, Planetary Orbit Insertion Operations, System Exploration or Planetary Mapping.

16.2 Encounter
Occultations, Gravity Field Surveying, Atmospheric Entry and Aerobraking, Descent and Landing, Balloon Tracking, Sampling.

17 Extended Operations
Completion of Primary Objectives, Additional Science Data, Orbiting Relay Operations, End of Mission.

18.1 Deep Space Network
The Seven DSN Data Systems, Frequency & Timing System, Tracking System, Telemetry System, Command System, Monitor System, Radio Science System, Very Long Baseline Interferometry System, The DSN Facilities, A Closer Look at the DSCCs.

18.2 Deep Space Network
DSS Designations, The 70-m Subnet, The 34-m HEF Subnet, The 34-m BWG Subnet, The 26-m Subnet, Arraying, Advances in the DSN.

18.3 Deep Space Network
Data Flow at the DSCC, Colorful Equipment, Data At JPL.

19 Completion Certificate

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