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New Mars Meteorite Descriptions From Meteoritical Bulletin Annoucement 86-1


Below are excerpts from a Meteoritical Bulletin announcement sent out today on seven recent Mars meteorites finds. Of these Mars meteorites, SAU 060 and SAU 090 are new. Since these two Mars meteorite were found near the other four SAU Mars meteorites and are also basaltic shergottites, they are assumed to be paired with this group. Taking into account pairings, the number of Mars meteorites remains at 24.

Ron Baalke

                 Announcement 86-1, April 5, 2002
               Sara Russell, Editor (
          Jutta Zipfel, Assoc. Ed. for Saharan Meteorites 
    Jeffrey N. Grossman, Assoc. Ed. for Web (
                 Monica M. Grady, Co-Editor 

Announcements of new meteorites 
to be published in Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 86, 2002 July.   Here, 
you will find the complete text of announcements of Martian meteorites 
described in the past year.  

Marian meteorites described below:

Dhofar 378            Basaltic shergottite (Oman)
Grove Mountains 99027 Lherzolitic shergottite (Antarctica)
Northwest Africa 856  Basaltic shergottite (Africa*)
Northwest Africa 1068 Basaltic shergottite (Africa*)
Northwest Africa 1110 Basaltic shergottite (Africa*)
Sayh al Uhaymir 060   Basaltic shergottite (Oman)
Sayh al Uhaymir 090   Basaltic shergottite (Oman)

*) Morocco or surrounding countries.

The preliminary text of the 2002 Meteoritical Bulletin, including the 
above meteorites and those in E-mail Announcements 86-2 and  86-3,  
may by viewed at:


All information in this e-mail and on the above-cited Meteoritical 
Bulletin webpage is subject to revision until final publication in  
the summer of 2002.


Dhofar 378               18°9.5' N, 54°6.8' E
  Found 2000 June 17
  Martian meteorite (basaltic shergottite)
A single stone of 15 g, covered with fresh black fusion crust, was 
recovered by an anonymous finder within the province of other Dhofar  
meteorites. Classification and description: (Y. Ikeda and M. Kimura, 
Dept. of Materials and Biological Sciences Ibaraki; H. Takeda,  
Chiba): It has a doleritic or microgabbroic texture, and the grain 
sizes of the main minerals (pyroxenes and plagioclase glass) are  
about 1 mm across. It consists mainly of ferroan pyroxenes (augite 
and pigeonite), and plagioclase glass with quenched plagioclase 
rims.  Minor minerals are hedenbergite, pyroxferroite, fayalite, 
silica, Ti-rich magnetite, ilmenite, sulfide, phosphate, and 
rhyolitic glass.  The Fe/(Mg+Fe) ratios of pyroxenes (augite and 
pigeonite) range from 0.40 to more than 0.90, those of hedenbergite 
from 0.97 to 0.99,  and olivine from 0.90 to 0.98. The original 
plagioclase grains were transformed to plagioclase glass (An35 to 
An55) by an intense impact  shock, then quenched plagioclase of the 
same composition a few tens of mm up to one hundred mm in width at 
the boundaries between the  plagioclase glass and other minerals. 
Oxygen isotopic composition (T.K. Mayeda and R.N. Clayton, UChi): 
d18O == +4.46 permil, d17O ==  +2.52 permil. This meteorite was 
recovered from an area near the Dhofar 019 basaltic shergottite, but 
the two meteorites are probably  not paired. Dhofar 019 is doleritic 
and contains olivine grains with Fe/(Mg+Fe) ratios of 0.4-0.75, 
whilst these seem to be absent from  Dhofar 378. Pyroxenes in Dhofar 
019 are more magnesian than in Dhofar 378. Specimens: type specimens 
0.445 g & 0.054 g, Ibaraki; 2.74 g  MPI; main mass is with the 
anonymous finder.

Grove Mountains (GRV) 99027         73°06'01" S, 75°14'13" E
  Found 2000 February 8
  Martian meteorite (lherzolitic shergottite)
This meteorite weighs 9.97 g, and most of the surface is covered by 
fusion crust. Classification and Mineralogy (Lin and B. Miao, GIG;  
H. Wang & C. Lin, NU): It is composed mainly of coarse-grained 
orthopyroxene, olivine, clinopyroxene and plagioclase, with minor 
opaque  minerals. There are two textures. In the larger part of the 
sections, olivine occurs as rounded euhedral grains, poikilitically 
enclosed  in a megacryst of orthopyroxene; in the other side of the 
sections, it shows a cumulate texture, consisting of euhedral 
orthopyroxene,  clinopyroxene, olivine and interstitial plagioclase. 
Chromite, the most common opaque phase, is euhedral and enclosed in 
pyroxenes. The  mineral assemblage and textures are similar to the 
Allan Hills (ALHA) 77005 lherzolite. The FeO/MnO (wt%)  ratio of 
orthopyroxene is  34+/-5. Compositions of orthopyroxene (En66-78Fs20-
26Wo2-8), clinopyroxene (En48-52Fs13-15Wo34-39), olivine (Fa22-30) 
and plagioclase  (An49-55Ab44-50Or<1) overlap with the ranges in 
ALHA77005. Fracturing and undulose extinction in silicates are  
strong. Plagioclase is  commonly deformed, and partially turns into 
maskelynite along the boundaries of grains. The shock stage is S4; 
weathering grade, W1. The  meteorite is curated at PRIC.

Northwest Africa 856
  unknown location
  Found 2001 March
  Martian meteorite (basaltic shergottite)
A single stone of 320 g was found in Morocco in March 2001. The exact 
location of find is unknown and the meteorite was referred to  under 
the pseudonym "Djel Ibone". The meteorite has a fine-grained basaltic 
texture consisting mainly of pyroxene (70 vol%) and  maskelynite (23 
vol%). Accessory minerals include merrillite, apatite, pyrrhotite, 
chromite, Fe-Ti oxides, silica (stishovite) and  baddeleyite. Melt 
pockets with phenocrysts and submicron-sized needles of stishovite 
are present. Pyroxenes are highly fractured.  Calcite veins formed by 
terrestrial weathering cross-cut the specimens. Classification and 
mineralogy (A. Jambon, UPVI, V. Sautter,  MNHNP, Ph. Gillet, ENSL): 
pyroxenes are pigeonite, En48Fs39Wo13, and augite, En36Fs32Wo32; 
maskelynite composition is An41-47Ab57-51Or2.  Geochemistry (J.-A. 
Barrat, UAng and Ch. Göpel, IPGP): bulk composition in wt% is 0.81 
TiO2, 6.83 Al2O3, 17.8 FeO*, 0.49 MnO, 9.51 MgO,  10.2 CaO, 1.28 
Na2O, 0.13 K2O. Trace elements 77 ppm Ni and a REE pattern similar to 
that of Shergotty and Zagami. Key element  weight-ratios are FeO*/MnO 
~30, Na/Al ~0.40, K/La of 500 and Ga/Al of 4.1x10-4. Abundances of Ba 
and Sr and the Th/U ratio indicate that  terrestrial weathering is 
minor. Specimens: type specimen, 16 g, ENSL; main mass, Fectay.

Northwest Africa 1068
  Found 2001 April
  Martian meteorite (basaltic shergottite)
In 2001 April, meteorite hunters of the local team of "La Mémoire de 
la Terre" recovered 23 stones (one large mass, 522 g, and 22 small  
fragments, <20 g; total known mass, 576.77 g) in the Moroccan Sahara. 
Rocks are greenish-brown and partially coated by desert varnish;  no 
fusion crust; cracks filled with terrestrial calcium carbonate. Thin 
shock veins and small melt pockets are abundant. Classification,  
mineralogy and bulk chemistry (J.-A. Barrat, UAng, A. Jambon, UPVI, 
M. Bohn, I-CB, Ph. Gillet, ENSL, V. Sautter, MNHNP, Ch. Göpel, IPGP,  
M. Lesourd, SCIAM): consists of olivine (50 um to 2 mm) in a fine-
grained groundmass (average grain size ~100 um) of euhedral to  
subhedral pyroxene crystals and interstitial maskelynite; minor 
phases are chromite, Ti-chromite, ilmenite, ulvöspinel, sulfides,  
merrillite, apatite, and a K-rich mesostasis; impact melt pockets (up 
to 1.5 mm long) contain pyrrhotite spherules. Modal abundances of  
impact melt pockets and calcite free areas: 52 vol% pyroxenes, 22 % 
maskelynite, 21 % olivine, 2 % phosphates, 2 % opaque oxides and  
sulfides, and 1 % K-rich mesostasis. Mineralogy: olivine (Fa28 to 
Fa58); pyroxenes: pigeonite (En57Wo5Fs28 to En40Wo13Fs47; fe# (100  
Fe/(Fe+Mg) == 29-54 at. %) and augite (En55Wo21Fs24 to En35Wo28Fs36; 
fe# == 29-51 at. %) are present as separate crystals in roughly equal  
volume proportions; maskelynite is zoned (An53Ab45Or2 to An49Ab48Or3) 
but is locally An-poor (An35Ab57Or8); FeO-rich merrillite (FeO 1.3  
and 2.8 wt.%); apatites, Cl 0.5-2.5 wt% and F 1.1-6.4 wt%; chromite 
have Ti-rich rims; ulvöspinels contain fine ilmenite lamellae (< 1  
um thick). An interstitial K-rich component, probably a shock-
produced glass of alkali feldspar and silica, is generally associated 
with  Fe-Ti oxides. Bulk chemistry: Al-poor ferroan basaltic rock, 
rich in MgO with major element abundances similar to those reported 
for  EETA79001 lithology A. Key element weight ratios are Fe/Mn == 45, 
Al/Ti == 6.6, Na/Ti == 1.83, and Na/Al == 0.28. REE pattern similar to  
Shergotty, Zagami, and Los Angeles. Specimens: type specimen, 20 g 
and 2 polished sections, ENSL; main mass, Fectay.

Northwest Africa 1110
  Purchased 2001 November
  Martian meteorite (basaltic shergottite)
G. and A. Hupe (Hupe) received a small sample of this meteorite in 
2001 September and bought the rest from a dealer in Erfoud, Morocco  
in 2001November . The weight of the total material purchased is 118 
g. The place of recovery is believed to be in Morocco.  
Classification and mineralogy (A. Irving and S. Kuehner, UWS): 
consists of olivine phenocrysts in a fine-grained groundmass of  
complexly-zoned pigeonite and homogenous maskelynite, Ab46Or2, with 
minor ilmenite, Ti-magnetite and pyrrhotite. Euhedral to subhedral  
olivine has Mg-rich cores (Fa28, FeO/MnO == 50) and narrow Fe-rich 
rims (Fa51, FeO/MnO == 53) and contain inclusions of chromite and  
glass; augite (Fs33Wo21) occurs as rare inclusions in olivine; 
pigeonite is zoned, Fs28Wo9 to Fs40Wo15 and FeO/MnO == 30; presence 
of  rare chlorapatite in mesostasis. Secondary features include minor 
barite, commonly associated with chromite inclusions in olivine,  
calcite, in a cross-cutting glass veinlet, and narrow zones of K-Al-
bearing glass or clay minerals along grain boundaries between  
pyoxene and maskelynite. Mineral composition indicates that this rock 
is possibly paired with NWA 1068. Specimens: type specimen, 20 g  and 
several thin sections, UWS; main mass, Hupe.

Sayh al Uhaymir 060               20°58.8' N, 57°19.1' E
  Found 2001 June 27
  Martian meteorite (basaltic shergottite)
A small 42.28 g partially crusted grey-greenish stone was found near 
to the area of previous finds of Sayh al Uhaymir 005/008/051/094.  
All five meteorites seem to be paired. Mineralogy and classification 
(S. Afanasiev, Vernad): has a porphyritic texture with large  olivine 
phenocrysts (Fo63.1-70.8) set in a groundmass consisting of 
maskelynite (An61.4-68.3 Or0.5-1.6) and pigeonite (En60-69.6  Wo7.1-
8.6), augite (En47 Wo35) is rare; shock stage, S5; slight weathering. 
Analyzed by Dr. N. N. Kononkova (Vernad). Specimens: type  specimen, 
9.5 g, Vernad; main mass with anonymous finder

Sayh al Uhaymir 090              21°00.0' N, 57°19.2' E
[This 94.84 g stone is probably paired with Sayh al Uhaymir 060, as 
well as 005/008/051/094]

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